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The Ultimate Guide to Car Tyres

Time:2018-02-13 07:29Turbochargers information Click:

Guide Ultimate tyres

By Dan Collins

Published 10:33 am

Everyone knows that the engine is the most important component of any modern-day vehicle. But, if you really want to think about it, a car with even the most powerful and most efficient engine will still not be able to bring you to your destination without your car’s wheels and the tyres that are mounted onto the wheels. Technically, your tyres are what connect your car to the ground. Such is the importance of tyres that we’ve prepared this ultimate guide to help you better understand that piece of technology that keeps you rolling wherever you may want to go.

Different Types of Car Tyres

Like everything else in this world, different things come in various types or kinds. The same is true with your car’s tyres. Choosing the right tyre to mount onto your car’s wheels is dependent on several factors including the general use of the vehicle and driving conditions, among others.

If you are the type of driver who would love to take it slow as you ease down into each corner of the road, then you will need a different kind of tyre than someone who considers himself an Ayrton Senna-incarnate who would really love pushing the nose of his car towards the apex to make that beautiful turn. Your driving behavior will dictate what kind of tyre you should put into your car. If you’re a real F1 racer, you can forget those tyres with treads because you’d want the largest contact patch on the tarmac. If you’re a rally racer, you cannot put F1 slick tyres onto your wheels or else you risk flying through the thick forest and into the trees. If you’re a drifter, then a different set of tyres will again be required. As such, one of the major factors in choosing the type of car tyre to buy is related to how you use your car.

As we have already mentioned above, an F1 racer’s tyres will be different from someone competing in the WRC or even someone who takes his car through gridlock after gridlock of traffic on city streets. The point is that driving conditions will also dictate what kind of tyre you need to put in. For instance, if it’s snowing, then you’d need tires with large and deep treads to help you move your vehicle through the snow. They also have miniscule metal studs that are embedded into the tread to help the tyres bite into ice and snow.

One of the inherent characteristics of a good ride is diving comfort. You should be able to drive over obstacles with very minimal vibrations from the road. But did you know that your choice of a tyre can have an effect on the noise that is generated by the tread patterns?

Now that we’ve seen some of the things that can affect your decision to purchase a certain type of car tyre, let us now focus our attention to the different types of car tyres.

Summer or performance tyres

That F1 racing slick we mentioned above rightfully belongs to this class of tyres. If there is one thing that defines this class, it’s speed. And whenever speed is involved, grip is the key. You simply cannot go really fast without getting airborne. As such, the tires need to have as much grip on the ground as they possibly can. These are made of soft rubber compounds and come with very minimal tread block patterns to none at all. For performance tyres, to hell with mileage. What matters is the tyres can ensure performance and grip.

All-season or all-around tyre

Every modern car that rolls out of the assembly line is equipped with a set of all-around or all-season tyres. These provide you with the right balance of performance, grip, wet-weather safety, acceptable noise, and durability. These are constructed of harder rubber compounds that have a negative impact on cornering performance and grip. It really is not an issue, we think, since 9 out of 10 motorists are essentially driving their cars with these tyres on. These also have an excellent compromise between water dispersion and quiet running. These work pretty well on wet roads and on heavy downpours. Running with these tyres won’t give you that dreaded noise when driving, too.

Wet weather tyres

If you’ve got summer tyres, then you definitely have wet weather tyres, too. You might think that these will be constructed of harder rubber compounds than those found in all-season tyres. On the contrary, these are a lot closer in composition to performance tyres, albeit softer. Another major difference from performance of summer tyres is that wet weather compounds come with substantially more sipes to help channel water away from the tyre’s contact patch. Here’s the thing: tyres during the rainy season should be able to heat up quickly so that their contact with the road surface will be ensured. That is why it has a much wider contact patch than an all-season which makes it a lot closer to a performance compound. It should also be able to channel water away so it has to have the sipes of the all-season.

Winter tyres: snow and mud or snow and ice

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