Location:Home > Turbo catalogue > Turbocharger catalogue > Difference between Petrol Cars and Diesel Cars

Difference between Petrol Cars and Diesel Cars

Time:2018-01-10 09:30Turbochargers information Click:

Difference v Versus Article

Key difference: A petrol engine is an internal combustion engine with spark-ignition. As its name suggests it runs on petrol, also known as gasoline. Hence, a petrol engine is also known as a gasoline engine, especially in North America. A diesel engine is an internal combustion engine that runs on diesel. It is also known as a compression-ignition engine. In a diesel engine, only the air is compressed and the fuel is injected into very hot air at the end of the compression stroke. The engine uses the heat of compression to initiate the ignition. Hence, a diesel engine is self-igniting.

Difference between Petrol Cars and Diesel Cars

Automobile, autocar, motor car or car is essentially a vehicle that runs on an engine or a motor. Its main purpose is to transport people or passengers from one location to another. Cars are designed to run on roads, they can seat one to eight people and they typically have four wheels. Most cars run on an engine. While there are various possibilities, most commonly, cars either run on a petrol engine, diesel engine, electrical engine or a hybrid engine, which is a hybrid of an electrical engine and a petrol engine.

A petrol engine is an internal combustion engine with spark-ignition. As its name suggests it runs on petrol, also known as gasoline. Hence, a petrol engine is also known as a gasoline engine, especially in North America. The petrol engine was first invented in 1876 in Europe. After which many different models improving on it were released.

In most petrol engines, the fuel and air are usually pre-mixed before compression. However, some modern petrol engines now use cylinder-direct petrol injection. The pre-mixing is done by an electronically controlled fuel injection, except in small engines. The spark plug is then used to initiate the combustion process.

A diesel engine is an internal combustion engine that runs on diesel. It is also known as a compression-ignition engine. In a diesel engine, only the air is compressed and the fuel is injected into very hot air at the end of the compression stroke. The engine uses the heat of compression to initiate the ignition. Hence, a diesel engine is self-igniting. The ignition process involves burning the fuel that has been injected into the combustion chamber. The diesel engine was first developed by German inventor Rudolf Diesel in 1893. However, the diesel engine was not used in an automobile before the 1930s. Still, diesel cars did not get popular until the 1970s.

As compared to other combustion engines, internal or external, the diesel engine has the highest thermal efficiency. This is mainly due to the engine’s very high compression ratio. There are two main types of diesel engines: two-stroke and four-stroke engines. A two-stroke, two-cycle, or two-cycle engine is a type of internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle in only one crankshaft revolution and with two strokes, i.e. up and down movements of the piston. Comparatively, a four-stroke engine or a four-cycle engine is an internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle in four separate strokes during two separate revolutions of the engine's crankshaft, and one single thermodynamic cycle. The four strokes include intake, compression, power, and exhaust.

Difference between Petrol Cars and Diesel Cars

 The main difference between a petrol engine and a diesel engine is the fact that a petrol engine uses spark plugs to initiate the combustion process, while a diesel engine uses the heat of compression to self-ignite. Furthermore, petrol engines tend to run faster than diesel, mainly due to the lighter pistons, connecting rods and crankshaft. Another reason is that petrol burns faster than diesel, hence energy is released faster. Also, a petrol engine tends to have lower efficiency than a diesel engine due to its lower compression ratios.

Diesel engines tend to have various advantages over other internal combustion engines, including:

However, due to the above mentioned reasons, diesel cars tend to cost more than petrol cars. Still, due to the better mileage, the cost may effectively be comparable over time. However, this will not be the case for people who do not drive their cars as much and over great distances. Also, while comparing cost, one must also keep in mind that over time the cost of the car will depreciate, i.e. go down.

Furthermore, diesel cars are also better for the environment, as they generate fewer emissions than petrol cars. Due to this, as of 2007, about 50% of all new car sales in Europe are diesel.

Copyright infringement? Click Here!

Related reading
Related recommend